The fragaria vesca is a small perennial plant, 15-20 cm high, native to Europe, Asia and North America. It forms small tufts of basal leaves, supported by single thin stems, the leaves are composed, consisting of three small oval leaves, of a bright green color, lighter and slightly furry on the lower page. In spring and late summer it produces small flowers, consisting of five rounded petals, white or pinkish-white in color; in late spring and summer they produce numerous small red fruits, dotted with seeds. Wild strawberries are edible and used to prepare jams and liqueurs, as well as in herbal medicine; in cultivation other varieties of fragaria are preferred, such as F. ananassa, hybrid of North American and European species, with large fruits and hemaphrodite flowers and there are many hybrids, developed mainly to produce fruits for the table or for industry canning. There are also some spontaneously growing varieties, such as fragaria vesca.
Strawberries prefer cool, sunny or semi-shady places if you want to get many fruits; they do not fear the cold even if particularly cold winters can completely dry out the aerial part of the plant, which will develop without problems the following spring; some strawberry species grow wild in our woods. These plants love rather cool climates and, even if they are grown in a greenhouse, it is good to check that they can have the necessary conditions for their best development. Although tolerating the cold, they are plants that are very affected by late frosts and too hot and humid weather.