The term ginestra indicates, in Italian, some evergreen or deciduous shrubs, very common among the plants of our gardens, and some also in the Mediterranean scrub; these are plants belonging to the same family, but of different genera, and therefore not all have identical cultivation characteristics. They are all called gorse because the similarity of the flowers is very marked, so much so that at first glance they would all be called the same plant.
The distinctive feature of the gorse are the flowers: a golden explosion, which covers the entire plant, in the spring or summer months. Some brooms are suitable for living throughout Italy, others are slightly delicate, and need coverage during the coldest weeks of winter; all, however, intensely love the sun, and are perfect for the brightest and sunniest flowerbeds of the garden, so much so that many gorse have been positioned as decoration along the Italian motorways. In addition to the golden yellow gorse, the most typical and widespread, there are gorse of various colors, often in shades of pink.
The genus genus has a few dozen species of shrubs, with deciduous leaves, spread throughout the Mediterranean area; the name of this genus derives from the common name broom, and therefore perhaps the geniste are the ones that can be identified more as brooms.
In the nursery in general we only find genista lydia, a species of Middle Eastern origin, highly appreciated above all for its small size. These gorse have small, oval leaves, which fall during the cold months, but can remain on the plant in case of particularly mild winters; the stems are green, erect, poorly branched, and tend to fall at the apexes; the brooms tend to develop in a rounded way, up to a height of about 60-80 cm. They prefer very sunny locations, with hot climates; they do not fear drought, but on the contrary they do not like excess watering; during the winter months they should not be watered and can bear temperatures close to -10 ° C. From June until the end of summer they produce a profusion of small golden yellow flowers. They are also grown in pots, so that in areas with decidedly cold winters it is possible to protect them from intense gel.