They are all grouped together in the group known as wild berries, although in reality not all of them are widespread in the wood, or rather, not all of them could develop in the same wood, side by side; it is blueberries, strawberries, currants, blackberries, raspberries; small fruits rich in flavor and aroma. Some can actually be found even in nature, the plants that we often find in the small family orchard derive from natural ones, even if they are often hybrids or cultivars, with larger fruits, or with a more accentuated flavor, or simply more resistant to drought or disease.
These small berries are excellent both raw and in jams, creams, ice creams; they are rich in vitamins, not excessively sugary, and contain the precious anthocyanins, which color the flesh red, purple blue; these substances are very useful in fighting free radicals, and as antioxidants, berries from berries are among the main sources of these substances.
Cultivation is not very difficult, some of the berries are also of small size, and can therefore also be grown in a hanging garden, or in simple pots on the terrace.
The botanical name is rubus idaeus, they belong to the same genus as blackberries; in addition to the typical raspberries, we have some particular varieties, derived from the cross between raspberries and blackberries, or between the raspberry species; in Italy, however, R. idaeus is grown mainly, originating in Europe and Asia. It has rhizomatous roots, from which thin stems, poorly branched, tall and slightly arched, which can reach 100-120 cm in height; the stem is completely covered with thin thorns. Each year the plant produces new stems, which have an average life of a couple of years, so we will always have young plants, which do not require pruning or large treatments.
In late spring they produce small white star-shaped flowers, gathered in clusters at the apex of the branches, followed by green berries, which ripen in the middle of summer, turning red; the fruits are made up of small elements gathered in infructescences similar to small cobs, with a soft and silky consistency, with an intense and acidic flavor.
There are varieties with a single bloom, and varieties that repeat flowering in the summer, to produce fruit again in late summer-early autumn. Raspberries ripen in succession.
These small plants prefer fresh and not excessively calcareous soils, but tend to vegetate even in non-ideal conditions, and sometimes to become weeds; as soon as they are planted it is appropriate to water them; in the following years they will tend to be satisfied with the precipitations, even if it is opportune to be vigilant to avoid leaving the plants dry during the flowering and the maturation. Let's position them where they can enjoy some direct sun, to obtain tasty and abundant fruits. At the end of winter, granular fertilizer is spread at the base of the plants, which will dissolve over time.